Mainstreaming Gender in Decarbonization in Fiji

Apr 28 2021

WI-HER

气候变化和森林砍伐威胁着世界,而全球讨论最近已经开始 emphasized the disproportionate effects of climate change 18新利网官网面临与贫穷、种族、年龄和其他因素有关的不平等的人群. 过去十年表明,妇女和女童面临着巨大的风险 climate change and climate-related disasters; environmental degradation has an increased impact on the livelihoods of women and girls and also contributes to violence and abuse in communities and families. As gender and social inclusion experts at WI-HER, 18新利体育官网主张将保护纳入去碳化和保护工作的主流,既能应对气候变化带来的性别风险,又能减轻环境规划带来的意外后果.

In Fiji, a nation of islands located in the South Pacific, there is great promise for decarbonization efforts. Women play a critical role in forest conservation as traditional knowledge bearers,他们在法律上有权继承土地,并作为土地所有者获益 mataqali (clan) into which they are born. Yet, 18新利网官网性别和社会地位的文化规范和信仰限制了妇女参与公共生活和土地决策的能力, 尽管毁林的负面影响严重影响了妇女的生计. Furthermore, from a GBV perspective, more than two in three 女性在一生中经历过身体或性暴力,这一数字是女性的两倍 global prevalence of physical and sexual violence. 妇女经常遭受暴力多年而得不到支持,原因是 stigma associated with reporting, 获得服务方面的挑战和获得司法公正的广泛延误.

“Women, as always, they are not in the frontline [of decision-making], even though they are the ones at the frontline facing the problems, the challenges of natural resource development. When there is a problem, it’s women that face the problem.

-斐济性别暴力和REDD+主要线人:性别与环境分析

The Government of Fiji, 得到世界银行和美国国际开发署投资的支持, has committed to decarbonization through the 斐济减少森林砍伐和退化造成的排放方案. The REDD+ Programme has incorporated a protective mechanism, the Feedback and Grievance Redress Mechanism (FGRM), 为参与脱碳和受其影响的居民提供另一种方法,让社区成员表达他们的抱怨和寻求解决办法. Mainstreaming gender throughout the Fiji REDD+ Programme has been a critical objective since its inception and, under the USAID Resilient, Inclusive, Sustainable Environments (RISE) Challenge, WI-HER and Marstel-Day 合作支持斐济的政府继续这项承诺,并加强斐济的FGRM,使其包含GBR和GBV. This adapted, gender-responsive mechanism will be known as the FGRM+.

Using WI-HER’s iDARE methodology, 18新利体育官网已与斐济社区进行了接触,以确定这一机制如何能够最好地增强妇女的权能,使她们充分获得REDD+计划提供的好处,并纳入减轻性别暴力风险的保护措施. Through our remote research during the COVID-19 pandemic, key informants from across Fiji, 包括在实施REDD+计划的农村地区, 描述了18新利网官网土地使用对GBR和GBV的影响的性别规范和期望. 任何扰乱或挑战这些期望的人都将面临其所在社区的后果, families, and partners—up to and including violence.

“在斐济和太平洋彼岸,妇女权利面临的最大挑战是18新利体育官网成长的方式, 在角色和责任的描述方面, where we were taught, ‘A man should be engaged in this, and women should be engaged in other activities.“18新利体育官网是伴随着它长大的,随着人们长大,想要改变这些是很难的.”

-斐济性别暴力和REDD+主要线人:性别与环境分析

18新利体育官网在斐济进行性别暴力和REDD+研究:性别与环境分析, 18新利体育官网了解到,REDD+项目站点的社区成员最大的担忧之一是,他们没有不断地参与对话,而是随着发展计划的实施不断更新. Initial outreach, 宣传和教育不会贯穿影响和旨在使他们受益的发展项目的整个过程. This lack of interaction and engagement often leaves women confused, disenfranchised, and unable to take advantage of the benefits of these initiatives, 破坏脱碳努力的复原力和可持续性. Hearing these concerns, 鉴于18新利体育官网对性别平等和社会包容的承诺, 18新利体育官网的愿景是继续或努力促进社区和性别平等的环境保护方法.

“The fear is among the cultural groups, especially among Indigenous groups, that things are designed that are very foreign to them, and therefore impedes, encroaches and affects the culture bearer.”

– USAID RISE Socialization Event Participant, Emalu Community, Fiji

18新利体育官网在很大程度上依赖于REDD+社区成员——妇女收集的见解和建议, men, 和年轻——在18新利体育官网努力提高和重新设计FGRM,以创建FGRM+. Despite challenges faced during the Covid-19 pandemic, 虚拟的联系机会继续让18新利体育官网包括女性的声音和经历, men and youth, 促进FGRM+的可持续性和可接受性,并为性别和环境影响之间的联系提供越来越多的证据. WI-HER致力于在受气候变化影响的偏远地区发展社区成员的能力,并努力促进包容, accountability and responsiveness to the needs of communities. 18新利体育官网呼吁全球社会与18新利体育官网一道,在18新利体育官网扭转气候变化趋势的同时,将促进性别平等的方法纳入去碳化和保护规划的主流.

This activity has been made possible by the USAID Resilient, Inclusive, Sustainable Environments (RISE) Challenge, 谁为预防和应对基于性别的暴力的跨项目提供资金, use, control, and management of natural resources. To request a copy of the Gender and Environment Analysis, please email co-author Maddison Leigh Hall at mhall@wi-her.org.